On 21 July 2020, EU leaders announced a ground-breaking and highly anticipated plan, the ‘Next Generation EU’, to jointly borrow €750 billion to respond to the coronavirus pandemic. The EU’s new recovery plan, which will be composed of grants and loans attached to the new Multiannual Financial Framework, is the culmination of what many consider a painfully slow and uncoordinated European response to the COVID-19 crisis and the far-reaching effects it has had on the European economy. While a crisis of this magnitude could threaten the EU’s very existence, deepening divides and sewing the seeds of anti-European sentiment, it may conversely also be an opportunity for the EU to address some of the fundamental flaws that exist in the euro area architecture. The pandemic response is a chance for Europe to reboot by focusing on a number of mechanisms at hand, including state aid, taxation and labour reallocation, among others. The EU should not lose sight of broader societal goals such as climate neutrality and digitisation but rather prioritise them. Ultimately, if handled correctly, the coronavirus pandemic has the potential to bring the EU together like no other event since its foundation.

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© The Author(s) 2020

Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Open Access funding provided by ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.


DOI: 10.1007/s10272-020-0901-5

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