A service of the

Forum · Issue 4 · 2022
EU Enlargement in a New Light

Forum · Issue 2 · 2022
The Challenges of Inflation in Europe and the US

Forum · Issue 3 · 2022
The Ripple Effects of the War in Ukraine

The New Cold War and the Return of History

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has marked the rebirth of a new era of conflict, the end of the late 20th century unipolar international security architecture under the hegemony of the United States, the end of globalisation and the beginning of a new cold war between the West and the East, writes Christian Breuer.

Ukraine-EU relations
Ukraine’s EU Integration: A Long Way Home

Ilona Sologoub discusses several aspects of EU-Ukraine relations and highlights questions that will need to be answered together by Ukraine and the EU when they undergo the journey to accession. The current full-scale war makes it necessary to  finally solve many problems that have been shelved for a long time.

Letter from America
Inflation Fears and Strong Labor Markets

The US economy is in uncharted territory. The unemployment rate stands at 3.6%, just 0.1 percentage point higher than its low point over the past half century. At the same time, inflation is hitting a 40-year high. The biggest risk today is not the current inflation rate but the recession lobby pushing the Fed to raise interest rates, argues Dean Baker.

EU Enlargement
The Case of Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia

Tinatin Akhvlediani discusses security and geopolitical implications of the EU’s enlargement to the East and illustrates how the enlargement policy could be a useful tool for the EU to coordinate its foreign and security policy, become a stronger geopolitical actor and promote European values in its immediate neighbourhood and beyond.

A Transatlantic Energy and Climate Pact

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has pushed Europe to re-design its energy map at speed. Amid this unprecedented energy overhaul, the EU and the US have flagged their commitment to reinforce their bilateral energy partnership. This article develops five issues around which a stronger transatlantic energy and climate pact might be built.

The War in Ukraine and Migration to Poland

The flight from war zones has drastically changed the migratory situation in many countries of the EU, including Poland. Maciej Duszczyk and Paweł Kaczmarczyk look at the most important challenges faced by Poland and by war refugees themselves.

Quote of the Month

"The recent internal challenges within the Western democracies show that a defence of democratic values does not necessarily need to begin in the international landscape. It is challenged in every election in every democratic country."

Christian Breuer
The New Cold War and the Return of History


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Volume 57
Issue 4

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Figure of the Month

Changes in gross fixed capital formation since the onset of COVID-19

The depth of the decline in gross fixed capital formation between the fourth quarter of 2019 and the second quarter of 2020 varied widely within the euro area, ranging from just below 1% in Finland to 80% in Ireland.