The rise of the platform economy has presented policymakers with an array of regulatory challenges, ranging from taxation to competition policy to worker protection. Furthermore, many basic aspects of the platform economy are unclear, such as its size, the number of workers who take part in it and, indeed, its very definition. What types of regulation are necessary to ensure that the benefits of the platform economy are maximised for all Europeans? How can the productivity gains associated with the platform economy be distributed throughout society? Most importantly, how can policymakers support innovation while also protecting consumers, workers and communities?