In recent years the bipolar multilateral trading system of the post-war years has given way to a multipolar alternative. Although many specifi cs have yet to be determined, some contours of this new trade policy landscape are coming into focus. This article examines their implications for the EU’s external commercial policy. Particular attention is given to both the state of business-government relations and the propensity to liberalise under the auspices of reciprocal trade agreements by Brazil, India, and China, the potential new poles of the world trading system.
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