When it comes to energy policy, EU countries go their own way with little regard for other member states. What strategies exist in the EU Commission to coordinate and integrate energy markets? Are these strategies consistent with national plans currently in action? Is it too late to establish a unified energy policy? What can be achieved in a unified energy policy given the considerable differences in resource endowment and political preferences in energy strategies? Can the effectiveness of EU energy policy objectives be enhanced through policy coordination at the regional scale? This Forum seeks to provide answers to these questions.
On 18 September 2014, 55 per cent of Scots voted to retain Scotland's 307-year-old union with England and Wales. However, the referendum result was not a vote for the status quo. The political legacy of the referendum will be a fundamental change in the way the United Kingdom is governed. The narrow results have added to concerns that the UK's planned 2017 referendum on its continued EU membership will also be dangerously close. Meanwhile, Catalonia's president has hailed the Scottish referendum process, and independence-minded movements elsewhere in Europe are paying close attention to the results.
The “wealthification” of politics is an important contributor to governance problems, weak accountability and unsatisfactory economic performance in many democratic countries. Billionaires are pouring extensive resources into supporting their favored candidates and causes or running for office themselves, raising important questions about excessive influence, especially against a backdrop of poor transparency, weak news coverage and performance challenges in political systems around the world.
In this 2012 Editorial, Michael Hudson criticises the austerity programmes that Germany and the IMF forced upon the eurozone crisis-stricken countries. He refers to austerity’s supporters as a “bankers’ sectarian cult”, arguing that the policy only benefits wealthy creditors, to the detriment of debtors and the non-wealthy 99%.
This figure from the article Inequality and Europe 2020 by Francesco Bogliacino shows that the number of per capita patent applications in EU countries is remarkably persistent across years. Click on the figure for further information.
"Cameron's plan to organise another bazaar for populism and prejudice to satisfy his party’s anti-EU flank is a reckless attempt at putting the EU issue to bed for a generation."
- from Steven Blockmans's Editorial The Great Devolution of Powers Bazaar
by Steven Blockmans
by Ralf Boscheck, Christian Egenhofer, Sebastian Strunz, Erik Gawel, Paul Lehmann, Teresa Ribera, Andreas Rüdinger, Jacques de Jong
by Axel Jochem, Stefan Reitz
by Oliver Bruttel
by Phedon Nicolaides, Nadir Preziosi
by Francesco Bogliacino
by Darrell M. West
Davide Viaggi, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Stefan Tangermann, Alan Matthews, Christophe Crombez, Louise Knops, Johan Swinnen
A. Bongardt, F. Torres, P. Pochet, I. Begg, L. Csaba, K. Lannoo, L. Soete, C. Egenhofer
Vassilis Monastiriotis, Niamh Hardiman, Aidan Regan, Chiara Goretti, Lucio Landi, J. Ignacio Conde-Ruiz, Carmen Marín, Ricardo Cabral
Stéphanie Marie Stolz
Vanessa Rossi, Carmen M. Reinhart, Vincent Reinhart, Klaus Abberger, Dean Baker, Justin Yifu Lin